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Simple Present (be) I am tired. Be+not I’m not tired.
Simple Present no be, add do) I speak English do+not I don’t speak English
Present Progressive (be) I am studying hard. Be+not I’m not studying hard
Simple past (be) I was at home last night Be+not I wasn’t at home last night
Simple past no be, add do) I played soccer in school. Do+not I didn’t play soccer in school
Simple future (will) I will go home after class. Will+not I won’t go home after class
“can” I can ride a bicycle Can+not I can’t ride a bicycle
1. All negatives need an auxiliary
2. If you don’t have an auxiliary be, will, can…) then add “do”
3. You can’t add “BE” if it isn’t already there
4. Do, can, will need a main verb after it
5. Use the base form of the main verb after do, can, will
6. Be sometimes has a verb after it, but sometimes BE has a noun, adjective or prepositional phrase, no more verbs
7. Use “ing” form of a second verb after be
Make these negative:
BE (with no other verb)
1. I am in the house. I’m not in the house.
2. She is happy. She isn’t happy.
3. We are confused. We aren’t confused.
4. They are at school. They aren’t at school.
5. You are a nice person You aren’t a nice person
BE (with main verb in ING form)
1. I am writing a book. I’m not writing a book.
2. He is running fast. He isn’t running fast.
3. They are painting the house They aren’t painting the house.
4. You are eating a lot. You aren’t eating a lot. You’re not eating a lot.
5. She is studying at UC Berkeley She isn’t studying at UC Berkeley. Property of Laney ESL Department
No auxiliary, add DO/DOES (present of do). Change main verb to base form after do.
1. I have a car. I don’t have a car
2. She works at the store. She doesn’t work at the store.
3. We learn quickly We don’t learn quickly.
4. He tells me stories He doesn’t tell me stories.
5. You drink tea You don’t drink tea.
No auxiliary, PAST TIME. Add DID (past of do). Change main verb to base form after do.
1. I worked yesterday. I didn’t work yesterday.
2. She read a story She didn’t read a story.
3. He said his name He didn’t say his name.
4. They played tennis They didn’t play tennis.
5. We learned simple present We didn’t learn simple present.
Auxiliary “Can” and “Will” change to “can’t” and “won’t.” No other changes.
1. I will see you tomorrow. I won’t see you tomorrow.
2. She can swim. She can’t swim.
3. We will go out tonight. We won’t go out tonight.
4. They can write very well. They can’t write very well.
5. He will work late We won’t work late.
6. It can break It can’t break.
7. She will be there. She won’t be there.
1. Write something you don’t usually do:________I don’t color my hair.____I don’t ride a motorcycle.____________________
2. Tell me something you aren’t feeling be + adjective):_____I’m not confident._____I’m not nervous.______________
3. Tell me something you aren’t doing now:_______I’m not eating lunch.___________________________
4. Tell me something you didn’t do last night:_____I didn’t call my mother last night.____________________________________
5. Tell me something you won’t do tomorrow:_____I won’t come to Laney.____I won’t water my roses._________
6. Tell me something you can’t do:_____________I can’t run. I can’t knit. ___________
7. Tell me something you don’t own:____I don’t own a horse. I don’t own an airplane.