Adjectives & Adverbs: Forms and Spelling

The Forms of an Adjective

Like a verb, an adjective has several different forms.

 

One-Syllable Adjectives add “er” “est” and “ly”

 

Basic Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

Adverb

Slow

Slower

The Slowest

Slowly

Bright

Brighter

The brightest

brightly

Clean

Cleaner

The cleanest

cleanly

Loud

 

 

 

Low

 

 

 

High

 

 

 

Strong

 

 

 

Clear

 

 

 

Sad

 

 

 

Poor

 

 

 

Rich

 

 

 

Short

 

 

 

Safe

 

 

 

Soft

 

 

 

Light

 

 

 

Sick

 

 

 

Sweet

 

 

 

Kind

 

 

 

Cheap

 

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS

Fast

Faster

The fastest

Fast

Hard

Harder

The hardest

Hard

Late

Later

The latest

Late

Fun

More fun

The most fun

{Enjoyably}

Far

Farther

The farthest

{distantly}

Good

Better

The best

Well

Bad

Worse

The worst

badly

 

Two-Syllable Adjectives ending in Y : change Y to I, then add “er” “est” or “ly”     

Happy

Happier

The happiest

happily

Pretty

Prettier

The prettiest

prettily

Heavy

 

 

 

Thirsty

 

 

 

Hungry

 

 

 

Angry

 

 

 

Lazy

 

 

 

Healthy

 

 

 

Salty

 

 

 

Noisy

 

 

 

Easy

 

 

 

 

EXCEPTIONS – adjectives ending in LY

Basic Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

Adverb

Ugly

Uglier

The ugliest

in an ugly way

Friendly

More friendly

The friendliest

In a friendly way

Early

Earlier

The earliest

Early

 

Longer Adjectives (2+ syllables) add “more” “most” or “ly”

Patient

More patient

The most patient

patiently

Interesting

More interesting

most interesting

interestingly

Open

More open

The most open

Openly

Beautiful

 

 

 

Religious

 

 

 

Intelligent

 

 

 

Important

 

 

 

Athletic

 

 

 

Educational

 

 

 

Expensive

 

 

 

Delicious

 

 

 

Difficult

 

 

 

Confusing

 

 

 

Nervous

 

 

 

Terrible

 

 

Terribly (bleè)

Comfortable

 

 

 

Affordable

 

 

 

Responsible

 

 

 

 

MIXED SET – How do you make these comparatives, superlatives and adverbs?

Basic Adjective

Comparative

Superlative

Adverb

Big    (double g)

 

 

 

Crazy

 

 

 

Correct

 

 

 

Generous

 

 

 

Long

 

 

 

Messy

 

 

 

Fat   (double t)

 

 

 

Horrible

 

 

 

Fuzzy

 

 

 

Dangerous

 

 

 

Thin    (double n)

 

 

 

Sloppy

 

 

 

 

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