Four Verb Tenses in Review:

Simple present=(always,usually,never,sometimes,fact.)

In a regular sentence, it is base form  (I go) or “s” form  (he goes)

In a negative sentence, add “do” ( I don t go) or “does”  (he doesn’t go) plus base form

 

Present Progressive = now, in progress

In a regular sentence, it is made with be + ing   (I am studying)

In a negative sentence, it is still be+ing   (I’m not studying)

 

Simple past = yesterday, last week, 3 years ago

In a regular sentence, it is made with “ed”  (I cleaned) or irregulars  (I ate)

In the past, there is no change for person: I went, she went, they went, you went

In a negative sentence, add “did” and change the verb to base form:  You didn’t go

 

Simple future= tomorrow, next week, 3 years from now

In a regular sentence, it is made with “will” + base form   (I will stay home)

In a negative sentence, change “will” to “won’t”    (I won’t stay home)

Example:     subject=my mom       verb=clean           object=the floor

Simple present:  My mom cleans the floor.

Simple present negative:  My mom doesn’t clean the floor.

Present progressive:  My mom is cleaning the floor.

Present progressive negative:  My mom isn’t cleaning the floor.

Simple past:  My mom cleaned the floor.

Simple past negative:  My mom didn’t clean the floor.

Simple future:  My mom will clean the floor.

Simple future negative:  My mom won’t clean the floor.

 

 

Subject=My kids  Verb=play  Prepositional Phrase=on the computer

Simple present:   My kids play on the computer.

Simple present negative:  My kids don t play on the computer.

Present progressive:   My kids are playing on the computer.

Present progressive negative:   My kids aren’t playing on the computer.

Simple past:   My kids played on the computer.

Simple past negative:  My kids didn’t play on the computer.

Simple future:  My kids will play on the computer.

Simple future negative:  My kids  won’t play on the computer. Property of Laney ESL Dept

 

Subject=My boss  Verb=give  Object= new computers  prepositional phrase=to us

Simple present:  My boss gives new computers to us.

Simple present negative:   My boss doesn’t give new computers to us.

Present progressive:   My boss is giving new computers to us.

Present progressive negative:  My boss isn’t giving new computers to us.

Simple past:  My boss gave new computers to us.

Simple past negative:   My boss didn’t give new computers to us.

Simple future:  My boss will give new computers to us.

Simple future negative:  My boss won’t give new computers to us.

 

Subject=You  Verb=study  Object= English    Prepositional Phrase=at Laney College

“I” and “You”               3rd person SINGULAR         3rd person PLURAL

I study, you study      he studies, she studies      we study, they study

I don t study    she doesn’t study    they don t study

I studied, you studied  she studied, he studied    we studied, they studied

I didn’t study      he didn’t study    they didn’t study

 

Simple present:  You study English at Laney College.

Simple present negative:  You don t study English at Laney College

Present progressive:  You are studying English at Laney College

Present progressive negative:  You aren’t  studying English at Laney College

Simple past: You studied English at Laney College

Simple past negative:  You didn’t study English at Laney College

Simple future:  You will study English at Laney College

Simple future negative:  You won’t study English at Laney College

 

Subject= I  Verb=buy  Object=food    Prepositional Phrase=at the market Property of Laney ESL Dept

 

I buy    he buys  we buy

You buy  she buys  they buy

You bought     he bought    they bought

 

 

Simple present:  I buy food at the market.

Simple present negative:  I don t buy food at the market

Present progressive:  I am buying food at the market

Present progressive negative:  I’m not buying food at the market

Simple past:  I bought food at the market

Simple past negative:  I didn’t buy food at the market

Simple future:  I will buy food at the market

Simple future negative:  I won’t buy food at the market

 

 

 

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s