Grammar Packet (Green)

Printable PDF Version of this packet:  High Beginning Listening and Speaking Grammar Set

High Beginning Listening and Speaking Grammar Set

SCHOOL LANGUAGE

Verb                     Translation                  Example

Speak   I speak English in class and Spanish at home.
Tell   Tell me your name
Ask   Ask her where she is from
Talk to/talk with   I talk to my friends after class.
Say   I say “Good Bye” when I go home
Show   Show him your homework
Write   Write your name
Read   Read to me
Stand up   Stand up and ask 3 people
Sit down   Please sit down
Look   Look up here please
Copy   You write and she will copy
Listen   Listen to him when he reads
Spell   How do you spell that?

 

Nouns                      Translation         Adjectives                    Translation

(people and things)                                     (feelings and descriptions)

Book   Happy  
Pen   Sad  
Pencil   Tired  
Board   Busy  
Desk   Hungry  
Computer   Thirsty  
Notebook   Confused  
Paper   Good  
Folder   Bad  
Marker   Easy  
Chalk   Difficult  
Webpage   Frustrated  

 

  1. Ask his name “What is your name?”
  2. Tell me your name My name is __________
  3. Write your name ____Deborah___
  4. Spell your name D – E – B – O – R – A – H

 

 

MAY I?   COULD YOU?   (polite question form)


  1. May I go to the bathroom?
  2. May I ask a question, please?
  3. Could you repeat that?
  4. Could you spell that?
  5. Could you write that on the board, please?

 

Verbs and Times

Base Form Past present (usually) present (now) Future
Go went [uɛnt] I go,  he goes am going will go
Study studied I study, she studies am studying will study
Read [riid] read [rɛd] I read, he reads am reading will read
Write [rait] wrote [rout] I write, she writes am writing will write
Come  [kɅm] came  [keim] I come, he comes am coming will come
Listen [lɪsən] listened [lɪsənd] I listen, she listens am listening will listen
Take took [tƱk] I take, he takes am taking will take
Bring brought [brat] I bring, she brings am bringing will bring
Open opened I open, he opens am opening will open
Close closed I close, she closes am closing will close
Erase erased I erase, he erases am erasing will erase
get got I get, she gets am getting will get
         
         
         
         
         
         
         
         

 

BE VERB

Person Present Past Future
I am was will be
you are were will be
he, she, it is was will be
we, they are were will be

 

SPELLING THE ING FORM

1) add “ing”                reading, listening, working, eating, opening, buying, bringing

2) drop silent e           writeàwriting   haveàhaving   takeàtaking   eraseàerasing

3) double letter           getting, stopping, swimming,
(V=vowell  a,e,i,o,u    C=consonant   b,c,d,f,g,h,j,k,l,m,n,p,q,r,s,t,v,z

Never double y,w,x)
Double when the word ends in CVC  get = g(C)e(V)t(C) à getting

 

Last 3 Word  ING Form      Last 3  Word  ING form    Last 3  Word  ING form   

____ write _________        ____ drink _________         ____ begin _________

____ shop  _________        ____  love  _________         ____ eat    _________

PRESENT TENSES
Simple Present = usually, every day, always, never I go, you go, they go   he goes

I don’t go, you don’t go, they don’t go    she doesn’t go

Do you go?  Does he go?

 

Present Progressive=now, in progress at this moment       I am talking, you are talking, she is talking

I’m not talking, you aren’t talking, he isn’t talking

Are you talking?   Is she talking?

 


PAST TENSES

Base Form             Past Tense              

be              was/were

become       became

begin          began

bite            bit

break          broke

bring           brought

build           built

buy            bought

catch          caught

choose        chose

come          came

cost            cost

cut             cut

do              did

drink           drank

drive           drove

eat             ate

fall             fell

feel            felt

fight           fought

find            found

forget         forgot

get             got

give            gave

go              went

grow           grew

have           had

hear           heard

hold            held

hurt            hurt

keep           kept

know          knew

leave          left

lend            lent

Base Form  Past Tense

lose            lost

make          made

mean          meant

meet          met

pay            paid

put             put

quit            quit

read           read

ride            rode

run             ran

say             said

see             saw

sell             sold

send           sent

shoot           shot

show            showed

shut             shut

sit                sat

sleep            slept

speak           spoke

spend           spent

stand           stood

steal            stole

sweep          swept

swim            swam

take             took

teach           taught

tear             tore

tell               told

think            thought

throw           threw

understand    understood

wear            wore

win              won

write            wrote

 

SINGULAR  (one, a, this, that, each, every)

PLURAL  (these, those)

 

A cat         3 cats                this house  these houses

One car     4 cars                that book   those books

Each desk  some desks                every day  3 days

 

**Every count noun needs to be either singular or plural**

 

SPELLING

1) add “s”     jobs, schools, cups, pencils, books, doors, teachers, students

2) add “es” after “s” sounds (s, z, j, sh, ch, x)   kisses, boxes, brushes, lunches

3) C+yàies      partyàparties  countryàcountries  storyàstories

4) V+y add “s”  highways, toys

5) fàv         lifeàlives  knifeàknives  leafàleaves   halfàhalves

6) C+oàoes     tomatoes, potatoes, superheroes

 

 

Irregular Plural Nouns

 

Singular     Plural                                 Singular     Plural

child          children                             parenthesis parentheses

self           selves                                person       people

deer          deer                                  sheep        sheep

fish           fish                                   shrimp       shrimp

foot           feet                                   that           those

goose        geese                                thief          thieves

man          men                                  this           these

mouse       mice                                  tooth         teeth

ox             oxen                                 woman      women

 

Change from singular to plural

  1. My daughter lost 1 tooth. _________________________
  2. The boy went home. _________________________
  3. I want a new bag. _________________________
  4. He is a man. _________________________

 

Change from plural to singular

  1. 5 shrimp are on 2 plates. _________________________
  2. The children played soccer. _________________________
  3. The teachers wrote lessons. _________________________
  4. Those are women. _________________________

 

 

 

BASIC WORD ORDER

Subject Verb Object (what?) Prepositional Phrase Time
The girl eats chocolate at school on Tuesday.
My son played soccer in the park yesterday.
We will go to the airport tomorrow.
The cat eats mice in the yard sometimes.
I drink coffee every morning.
The car drips oil in the street.
The computer prints my homework.
I am studying English at Laney College this summer

 

QUESTION WORD ORDER

WH Auxiliary Verb Subject Main Verb Everything Else
Where do you live?  
What was your mom doing last night?
Why is the man standing in the street in the dark?
How much does it cost?  
How do you spell that?
  Are you coming to the movie with me?
  Does your sister like pizza?
  Can you swim?  

 

NEGATIVE WORD ORDER

Subject Auxiliary Verb Main Verb Everything Else
She doesn’t drink alcohol.
He can’t work in a hospital in the United States.
The student didn’t buy the books yet.
We aren’t going to the store today.
My house isn’t comfortable.

**note – with BE, you sometimes don’t have another verb**

ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY WORD ORDER

Subject Adverb Verb Everything Else
I never go to work with my husband
The man always drinks tea with dinner
You usually study after class
The child sometimes needs help with his homework

ADJECTIVES

 

Artistic

Athletic

Beautiful

Busy

Crazy

Dark

Delicious

Difficult

Easy

Fat

Friendly

Funny

Generous

Good

Handsome

Happy

Hard

Hardworking

Healthy

Heavy

Helpful

Honest

Impatient

Intelligent

Kind

Lazy

Light

Loud-mouthed

Messy

Neat

Noisy

Obsessive

Old

Open

Open-minded

Patient

Picky

Polite

Poor

Pretty

Quiet

Religious

Rich

Sensitive

Short

Shy

Skinny

Stingy

Strong

Sweet

Talented

Talkative

Tall

Temperamental

Thick

Thin

Understanding

Weak

Young

 

 

OPPOSITES

 

rich – poor

long – short

tall – short

fat – skinny

kind – mean

lazy – hardworking

boring – interesting

neat – messy

honest – dishonest

smart – dumb

intelligent – stupid

fast – slow

clean-dirty

comfortable – uncomfortable

happy – sad

helpful – selfish

generous – stingy

easy – hard

soft – hard

dark – light

heavy –light

thick – thin

young – old

new – old

hot – cold

warm – cool

high – low

weak – strong

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