- BASIC ADJECTIVE CLAUSE
Choose Who, That, Which, Whose: http://www.englisch-hilfen.de/en/exercises/pronouns/relative_pronouns2.htm
Complete the sentence: http://www.better-english.com/grammar/nondef.htm
Sentence Combining: http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/410/grammar/adj1.htm
Which sentence is correct?
All of which, some of which, none of which
2. Where/When in Adjective Clauses
**Where/when need subjects after them.
It is a place which has many flowers. Which has – no subject after “which”
It is a place where has many flowers. You need a new subject after “where”
It is a place where there are many flowers.
That is the time which is best to begin. Which is – you don’t need a new subject.
That is the time when is best to begin. You need a new subject after “when”
That is the time when it is best to begin.
**Where/when REPLACE a prepositional phrase, so the preposition isn’t still there.
Oakland is the place in which I live. Prepositional phrase= in which=in that place
Oakland is the place that I live in. Prepositional phrase with the relative pronoun in front.
Oakland is the place where I live in. You don’t still have the preposition.
Oakland is the place where I live. The preposition is replaced by “where”
9:00am is the time at which my alarm rings. Prepositional phrase= at which=at that time
9:00am is the time (that) my alarm rings at. Less formally, you can put the preposition last.
9:00am is the time when my alarm rings at. You don’t still have the preposition.
9:00am is the time when my alarm rings. The prepositional is replaced by “when”
Where/When vs. Which
Where replaces a prepositional phrase: in that place
Oakland is big. I bought my car in Oakland (Where)
Oakland is big. (where) I bought my car.
Oakland, where I bought my car, is big.
where=the place in which
Which replaces a noun.
Oakland is big. We love Oakland. (which)
Oakland is big. (which) we love.
Oakland, which we love, is big.
which=it We love it.
Oakland is big. I bought my car in Oakland [in which]
Oakland, in which I bought my car, is big.
Oakland, which I bought my car in, is big.
You’re replacing only the noun, so you still need the preposition.
When replaces a prepositional phrase: at that time
9:00 is the time. We need to be in class at 9:00.(when)
9:00 is the time when we need to be in class.
Which replaces a noun.
Monday is the day. I dread Monday most.(which)
Monday is the day. (which) I dread most.
Monday is the day that I dread most.
- We play soccer on Saturday (when/which)
On Saturday is our free day.
Which is our free day.
- We study at Laney (where/which) is a good school.
Which is a good school
At Laney is a good school
- I love my country (where/which) I grew up.
I grew up my countryI grew up in my country
- I graduated in 2008 (when/which) I was 22 years old.
I was 22 in 2008
I was 22 2008
- I live in Oakland (where/which) I love.
I love Oakland
I love in Oakland
- I live in Oakland (where/which) there is a lot of crime.
There is a lot of crime Oakland
There is a lot of crime in Oakland
Explanation and practice: https://www.grammar-quizzes.com/clauses-4.html
3. Restrictive/Essential/Identifying….or not?
4. Reduced Clauses
Explanation + practice http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/clauses-11.html