Weblinks: Adverbial Clauses

Is the clause independent or dependent?  (Dependent clauses start with subordinator words)  https://depts.dyc.edu/learningcenter/owl/exercises/clauses_ex2.htm

Choose the right subordinator 1
Choose the right subordinator 2
Choose the right subordinator 3

Choose the right subordinator 4
Choose the right subordinator 5

when and while                explanation and then practice
When means at that time or immediately after that time.
I take off my shoes when I get home.
While means during that time
I think about dinner while I drive home.

if and unless:                 http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/23.html
nless=if not.  they are opposites.
I will pass if I study.
I will not pass if I don’t study.
I will not pass unless I study.

She won’t be there if it’s sunny.
She will be there if it is not sunny.
She will be there unless it’s sunny.

although and despite:  http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/89.html
Although – subordinate conjunction – followed by Subject-verb
Despite – preposition – followed by noun
Although it is raining, we will still play soccer.
Despite the rain, we will still play soccer.
In spite of the rain, will will still play soccer.

so and so that:               http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/295.html
s0-fanboys = therefore  as a result.  Always second, always with a comma
so that – subordinate conjunction = for this purpose/your intention – the reason you do it.  (note: the negative of the meaning intention is “so as not to”)
so – subordinate conjunction – we often drop “that” – the difference is then commas and meaning.

to and so that:               http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/112.html
to – short form of “in order to” – also called infinitive of purpose.  Why did you go? to visit.
so that – subordinate conjunction – followed by subject-verb.  meaning “for this purpose”

because (of):                  http://www.usingenglish.com/quizzes/220.html
ecause – subordinate conjunction – followed by subject-verb
because of – preposition – followed by a noun.

So and because             http://a4esl.org/q/h/lb/sobe.html
so – fanboys – the result/therefore
because – subordinate conjunction – caused by
I went because he was there.  (he being there is the cause)
he was there, so I went.    (my going is the result)

if and when                   http://www.englishpage.com/conditional/conditional1.htm
if – only in this case (unlikely)
when – any time this happens (likely)
He has a good car.  If it breaks down, he’ll call a mechanic.
He has a bad car.  When it breaks down, he calls a mechanic.

so and such                   http://a4esl.org/q/h/0101/ss-so_such.html
so+adjectives     The elephant was so big!
such+nouns      It was such a big elephant.   Such people bug me.
mixed conjunctions     http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/connectwords.html
if and unless                 http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/9-7.html
cause-effect                   http://www.grammar-quizzes.com/8-7.html

cause and effect words        explanation and practice
subordinating conjunctions and other adverbial connector words