The direct object answers the question “who?” or “what?” It is a noun or pronoun.
I eat what? I eat pizza. She wore what? She wore a green sweater.
The indirect object starts as a prepositional phrase to/for whom?
I bought the book for him. I took a sandwich to her.
Then you take off the preposition and move ONLY the noun or pronoun in front of the direct object. You can only do this if you have a direct object!
I bought him the book. I took her a sandwich.
To find the direct object, ask who/what: I bought what? a book. I bought who? NO!! He is not the direct object. He is not what I bought.
I took what? I took a sandwich. I took who? Not this time! I didn’t take her anywhere. I took the sandwich TO her.
In the sentence, ” I gave her a book” The direct object is the answer to “what?” I gave what? The book! An indirect object is the answer to “for whom” or “to whom”
I have the book to whom? To HER. We can put the object of “to” or “for” between the verb and the direct object More about Direct and Indirect Objects
- Rules and identifying direct and indirect objects
- Find the indirect object
- Find the direct and indirect objects
- Is it a direct or indirect object?
- Is it a direct or indirect object2?
- Word order with indirect objects
In Passive Voice, you can move either the direct or indirect object in front, but, if you move the direct object, the indirect object has to go back to being a prepositional phrase.