Weblinks: Passive Voice

Form and Meaning

In English, you have to always have a subject in your sentence or clause.  What do you do if you don’t know who did it?

You flip the sentence upside down and use the direct object as a subject!

Sometimes you know who did it.  (The cookies were all eaten by the children)
But usually, you use passive when you don’t know or don’t care who did it. (The cookies have all been eaten.  We need to go shopping!)

Sometimes you actually don’t know who did it. (My purse was stolen.)

The passive subject is actually the direct object – the receiver of the action not the doer of the action.

The passive subject didn’t do the action

Passive means the subject didn’t do the action.  Cookies can’t eat.  Purses can’t steal.  The cookies didn’t eat themselves, someone else did it.  The purse didn’t steal itself, someone else did it.

FORM

Be + past participle    (was driven, is grown, has been written…)
or Get + past participle   (got broken into, gets cut, will get fixed soon…)

Full conjugation of the verb To Be

DEBORAH’s VIDEO LESSON

Deborah’s Lesson on Passive

Click here for the song
(The lesson above starts after we just listened to the song)
MORE VIDEO LESSONS

https://youtu.be/pxbQ2U3Uuv0

https://youtu.be/xTOAWL7UVT8   (longer – 1 hour class)

Video Lessons:

Passive in Present Tense

Passive in Mixed Verb Tenses

Passive Voice

Active – Passive – Test 1

Active – Passive – Test 2

Active or Passive – Exercise 1

Active or Passive – Exercise 2

Active or Passive – Exercise 3

Passive – Questions – Click Exercise 1 – MIX

Passive – Questions – Click Exercise 2 – MIX

Passive – Statements – Active sentence given – various tenses

Passive – Statements – Active sentences given – Simple Past

Passive – Statements – Active sentences given – Simple Present

Passive – Statements – Active sentences given – more objects

Passive – Statements – Fill-in Exercise – various tenses

Passive – Statements – Form sentences – Simple Past

Passive – Statements – Form sentences – Simple Present

http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram-up/grammar/passive

http://a4esl.org/q/h/vm/active-passive.html

http://www.learnenglishfeelgood.com/esl-passive-voice-exercise2.html

http://a4esl.org/q/f/x/xz89mgu.htm

http://a4esl.org/q/h/9901/tb-passive.html

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/quizzes/passive_quiz.htm

 

BUSINESS USES OF THE PASSIVE VOICE

Explanation and examples:

http://www.printwand.com/blog/active-vs-passive-voice-examples-in-business-writing

Explanation and practice: https://www.businessenglish.com/grammar/passive.html?lang=eng

Write in passive:

https://www.ego4u.com/en/business-english/grammar/passive

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=5754

http://www.englishexercises.org/makeagame/viewgame.asp?id=3517

http://speakspeak.com/english-grammar-exercises/intermediate/passive-forms

Change passive to active:

http://www.businesswriting.com/tests/activepassive.htm

 

Word Order in Passive

Questions in Passive

Explanation of Question Word Order in Passive

Quizlet flashcards: passive to active in WH questions

YOUTUBE LESSON

Modals in Passive

YOUTUBE LESSON

Explanation and rules

Choose the right form

Rewrite in passive
Rewrite in passive 2

 

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