Form and Meaning
In English, you have to always have a subject in your sentence or clause. What do you do if you don’t know who did it?
You flip the sentence upside down and use the direct object as a subject!
Sometimes you know who did it. (The cookies were all eaten by the children)
But usually, you use passive when you don’t know or don’t care who did it. (The cookies have all been eaten. We need to go shopping!)
Sometimes you actually don’t know who did it. (My purse was stolen.)
The passive subject is actually the direct object – the receiver of the action not the doer of the action.
The passive subject didn’t do the action
Passive means the subject didn’t do the action. Cookies can’t eat. Purses can’t steal. The cookies didn’t eat themselves, someone else did it. The purse didn’t steal itself, someone else did it.
Be + past participle (was driven, is grown, has been written…)
or Get + past participle (got broken into, gets cut, will get fixed soon…)
DEBORAH’s VIDEO LESSON
Click here for the song
(The lesson above starts after we just listened to the song)
MORE VIDEO LESSONS
https://youtu.be/xTOAWL7UVT8 (longer – 1 hour class)
BUSINESS USES OF THE PASSIVE VOICE
Explanation and examples:
Explanation and practice: https://www.businessenglish.com/grammar/passive.html?lang=eng
Write in passive:
Change passive to active:
Word Order in Passive
- Word order in Passive – Exercise 1
- Word order in Passive – Exercise 2
- Word order in Passive – Exercise 3
- Word order in Passive – Exercise 4
Questions in Passive
- Questions in Passive – word order – Click Exercise 1
- Questions in Passive – word order – Click Exercise 2
Modals in Passive