Weblinks: Direct Objects
Locate/Identify the Direct Object
- YouTube Video on Basic Sentence Structure
- YouTube Video on Identifying the Direct Object
- Slideshow on how to find the direct object
Find the Direct Object quizzes
- Find the direct object(s) – sometimes there are more than one
- Find the direct object (needs flash)
- Write in the direct object
TRANSITIVE and INTRANSITIVE VERBS
Transitive verbs take a direct object. I pay the cashier. I play the piano. I read a newspaper. A direct object will be a noun or pronoun. He told me. A direct object is the answer to “what?” or “who?” I give what? I give money. I kiss whom? I kiss myhusband. Pay, play, read, tell, give and kiss are transitive verbs.
Intransitive verbs don’t take a direct object. They can be followed by nothing: She cried. We laughed. They can be followed by a prepositional phrase: He works in Berkeley. She fell in the street. They can be followed by adverbs: They came slowly. They cannot be followed by a noun or pronoun. Cry, laugh, work, fall, and come are intransitive verbs.
Many verbs can be used both ways.
I eat chicken. (v.t.) or I eat in the kitchen. (v.i.)
He drives a car. (v.t.) or He drives recklessly (v.i.)
In these cases, the dictionary will say both. [I,T] or v.i./v.t.
When they have a direct object, they’re transitive. When they don’t have a direct object, they’re intransitive.
|Verbs that must have objects (transitive verbs)||Verbs that can’t have objects (intransitive verbs)||Verbs that can go either way – with an object or not.|
|take, give, bring||go, come, arrive||eat, drink|
|buy, sell||agree, discuss||drive, play|
|tell, say||work, live, die||wake|
|make, do||run, walk, jump||study, read, write|
|enjoy, like, hate, love||cry, laugh, smile||leave|
Below are quizzes on transitive (have a direct object) vs. intransitive (don’t have a direct object) verbs.
In the sentence, ” I gave her a book” The direct object is the answer to “what?” I gave what? The book! An indirect object is the answer to “for whom” or “to whom”
I have the book to whom? To HER. We can put the object of “to” or “for” between the verb and the direct object as just a noun. You can only have an indirect object if you have a direct object. The indirect object is a person or organization that you send/give/buy something to/for. More about Direct and Indirect Objects